The Health and Social Care Information Centre (HSCIC) was set up as an Executive Non-Departmental Body responsible to parliament, and not to any minister. Its responsibilities included collecting, analysing and presenting national health and social care data, and managing IT systems for that purpose.
From 2013 there were growing concerns about its independence and its trustworthiness as the guardian of the personal details of every NHS patient in England.
It was discovered that from at least 2005, the HSCIC (and its predecessor, the NHS Information Centre) had been passing on information about patients' past and present addresses and GP registrations to the Home Office to allow it to trace and deport people living in the UK. There had been no public consultation or parliamentary debate on this practice.
The HSCIC was superseded by NHS Digital .
Also see Care.data